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Thursday, January 9, 2020

You eat everything you lose weight


You eat everything you like, move a little and lose weight steadily. Good? Not really. Sudden weight loss can be a sign of a serious illness.
 
Weight fluctuations of 1–2 kilograms are normal. But if you have lost more than 5% of your initial mass, and this can not be explained in any way by changes in your diet and lifestyle, you should be wary and undergo a medical examination.

A person loses weight when the organs of our body – the brain, heart, muscles – cease to have enough nutrients for normal functioning, and they send a signal to the adipose tissue, which is time to use additional resources. In response to this signal, fat cells begin lipolysis – the breakdown of fat – and give the body the necessary energy.

Reason for weight loss: DEPRESSION
Any food seems tasteless, appetite decreases. In addition, neurosis and depression are often accompanied by an exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastritis. Discomfort after eating aggravates the symptoms.

What to do? If, in addition to losing weight, you notice a constant bad mood, apathy, lethargy and lethargy, consult a psychotherapist. Only a qualified specialist can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment.

Reason for weight loss: HORMONAL DISORDERS
The hormones of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pituitary gland and pancreas are responsible for the metabolic rate in the body, so problems with these endocrine organs are immediately reflected in weight. In patients with hyperthyroidism and type 1 diabetes, body weight decreases, despite increased appetite. Such diseases are accompanied by weakness, dryness of the skin, increased heart rate and mood disorders.

What to do? Be sure to visit an endocrinologist and take tests for thyroid hormones (TSH, T3, T4). Blood tests are also needed: general and glucose.

Cause of weight loss: GIT DISEASES
Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract cause weight loss. Enterocolitis, atrophic gastritis and celiac disease are on the “list of suspects”. These diseases lead to atrophy of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, as a result of which the absorption of nutrients is disrupted, and this leads to weight loss. Symptoms may vary: pain, bloating, a feeling of heaviness, diarrhea, or constipation. A lack of vitamins and minerals can occur in the form of anemia, dry skin, brittle nails, bleeding gums.

What to do? See your gastroenterologist. Most likely, he will prescribe a gastroscopy and fecal analysis to make an accurate diagnosis.

Cause of weight loss: Diseases of the pancreas and gall bladder

                          
Body weight decreases with chronic pancreatitis and chronic cholecystitis. Because of these diseases, digestion is disturbed and the body loses its ability to absorb some nutrients. Patients feel discomfort after eating, nausea, diarrhea appears, with cholecystitis – pain in the right hypochondrium. The chair changes consistency and acquires a greasy shine.

What to do? Consult a gastroenterologist. It is necessary to do an ultrasound of the abdominal organs and pass an analysis of feces. Follow a diet: exclude fatty and spicy from the diet, eat often and little by little.

Reason for weight loss: INFECTIONS AND PARASITES
Weight loss can be a sign of serious viral diseases. Hepatitis C or HIV can develop for a long time without severe symptoms, and often it is weight loss that is the first sign of illness.

Another cause of weight loss may be tuberculosis. Patients lose their appetite, in addition, the body spends a lot of energy to fight the pathogen of infection. In addition to weight loss, a classic symptom of pulmonary tuberculosis is a prolonged cough with sputum, as well as a prolonged rise in temperature above 37 ° C, general weakness and night sweats.

A person can lose weight dramatically if helminths or parasitic protozoa, such as giardia, have settled in the intestines. Infection can be accompanied by nausea, bloating, stool disorders, and skin rashes or fever.

What to do? Self-diagnosis is useless, you need to see a therapist or an infectious disease specialist. Depending on the symptoms, you may be prescribed fluorography, a stool test, and various blood tests.

The reason for weight loss: oncology and blood diseases
Oncological diseases are often accompanied by significant weight loss and worsening of the general condition of patients – cancer cachexia. Patients lose their appetite, taste perception is disturbed. There are metabolic pathologies – muscle mass and adipose tissue volume decrease even with good nutrition. In addition, psychological factors can cause weight loss: patients with a recently confirmed diagnosis lose weight due to developing depression. Chemotherapy also leads to temporary weight loss.

Weight loss is one of the main symptoms of lymphoma and lymphogranulomatosis. In addition to weight loss, these diseases are indicated by a painless increase.

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